BILLINGS — A state district judge Thursday extended his order blocking three new laws restricting and regulating abortion in Montana, and indicated he believes all three are unconstitutional.
District Judge Michael Moses issued a preliminary injunction blocking the laws from being enforced, while he decides their constitutionality – an extension of his temporary order issued a week ago, the day before the laws took effect.
In the 35-page order issued late Thursday, Moses said he blocked the laws because they would cause “irreparable harm” to Planned Parenthood of Montana and its patients, by taking away a “constitutionally protected right” to an abortion.
The laws ban abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy, severely restrict abortion-inducing pills, or “medication abortion,” and require providers to ask women if they want to hear the fetal heartbeat or see an ultrasound of the fetus before having an abortion.
Moses said Planned Parenthood had made a strong case that the laws violate women’s right to privacy.
In a statement Thursday, Planned Parenthood of Montana President Martha Stahl called the ruling "an important and hard-fought victory" that protects Montanans' access to safe, legal abortion.
"Planned Parenthood will always fight for our patients and stand up to anti-abortion lawmakers who willfully and cruelly work to undermine access to basic health care," she said.
A spokeswoman for Attorney General Austin Knudsen, whose office is defending the laws, said Moses' order "deprives women and unborn children of common-sense health protections."
"It’s not surprising that Planned Parenthood is attacking our laws, since no one benefits more from sub-standard health protections than abortionists and their businesses," said Emilee Cantrell.
The Republican majority at the 2021 Montana Legislature passed all three bills and Republican Gov. Greg Gianforte signed them into law in late April.
Planned Parenthood and one of its physicians filed suit Aug. 16, asking the court to declare all three laws unconstitutional, as well as another law restricting abortion insurance coverage.
Moses took over the case last Thursday, after District Judge Gregory Todd of Billings recused himself when the state accused him of bias against its case.
Moses then issued a temporary order blocking the laws from taking effect, while he decided on whether to issue an injunction.
Moses’ injunction issued Thursday strongly indicated that he believes that the first three bills challenged by the lawsuit – House bills 136, 140 and 176 -- are unconstitutional.
A state court ruling from two decades ago established that denying a woman access to a lawful abortion, before the fetus is viable, violates her constitutional right to privacy, he said. The ban on abortions past 20 weeks of pregnancy appears to violate that right, because the fetus doesn’t become viable until 24 weeks, Moses said.
He also said the new restrictions on medication abortion – such as requiring women to see a provider in person before getting the medication or enforcing a 24-hour waiting period – also infringe on that privacy right.
Finally, Moses said the law requiring abortion providers to ask women if they want to see an ultrasound of the fetus or listen to its heartbeat appears to “stigmatize or discourage women from obtaining an abortion in Montana,” which he said is a protected right.
It “compels government-approved speech that interferes with the doctor-patient relationship,” he said.
Read the full order below.